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Georgian Language & Script

        

Georgian (ქართული [kʰɑrtʰuli] kartuli) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia, a country in the Caucasus.

Georgian is written in its own unique writing system, the Georgian script.

Georgian language is the only one among all Caucasian languages which has ancient alphabet. The unique lettering has no analogs in the world. Georgian alphabet consists of 33 symbols (5 vowels and 28 consonants).

Georgian has a rich word-derivation system. By using a root, and adding some definite prefixes and suffixes, one can derive many nouns and adjectives from the root. For example, from the root -kartv-, the following words can be derived: Kartveli (a Georgian person), Kartuli (the Georgian language) and Sakartvelo (Georgia).

Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans, Mingrelians and Lazs.