Batumi is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Adjara, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. Batumi is located on the site of the ancient Greek colony in Colchis called Bathus or Bathys – derived from the Greek phrase bathus limen or bathyslimin meaning "deep harbour". Primary information about Batumi appeared in works of the fourth century B.C. Greek philosopher Aristotle. He named the city situated by the Black Sea in Colcha -‘Batusi’.
Now Batumi serves as an important port and a commercial center. It is situated in a subtropical zone, rich in agricultural produce such as citrus fruit and tea. While industries of the city include shipbuilding, food processing, and light manufacturing, most of its economy revolves around tourism. Since 2010, the face of the city has been transformed by the construction of new high-rise landmark buildings and the renovation of the Old Town. There are both budgetary and luxury Hotels in Batumi. Among the last - Radisson, Sheraton and Piazza Inn are considered as the most elite.
There are many old historical and new modern building in Batumi. Here you can visit: Dolphinarium, Botanical Garden, Cinema, Theatre, the Museum, Saint Nicholas Church, Synagogue, Mechet, Gonio’s Fortress.
Batumi Botanical Garden is located at the place called Mtsvane Kontskhi ("The Green Cape") on the Black Sea shore, 9th km from Batumi. Currently, the garden consists of nine floristic sectors, those of Caucasian humid subtropics, East Asia, New Zealand, South America, the Himalayas, Mexico, Australia, and of the Mediterranean. The garden collection comprises 2037 taxonomic units of ligneous plants, including 104 - of Caucasian origin. The Batumi Botanical Garden had formerly been operated by the Georgian Academy of Sciences. Since 2006, it is an independent institution.
Batumi Dolphinarium presents to its guests the new interactive show. It includes about 30 acts: three dances, playing with rings and balls, balancing on the tails, unforgettable Foot Push and many other new and old stunning moments. There is also a surprise waiting for the guests - the most active ones will have the opportunity to try themselves as dolphin trainers. The dolphin demonstration program is an educational performance with the elements of the show which is conducted in any weather conditions.
Gonio's Fortress is the oldest fortress of Georgia occupying the territory of 4,5 hectares - situated in village of Gonio in Adjara, 12 km from Batumi city. The fortress history accounts several millenniums. The ancient archeological layers, dug in the fortress territory belong to the XV-XVII centuries BC. There exists a legend that the name of Apsaros originates from the ancient Greek myth about Argonauts. According to the legend this was the place where Apsyrtus, King Aet’s son killed by Jason, was buried. Over the whole history the Gonio Fortress belonged first to the Romans before the Byzantine period and in 1547 the Gonio-Apsaros Fortress was captured by the Ottoman Turks. Nowadays the Gonio-Apsaros Fortress is a monument of Roman period of the Adjarian history.
Cuisine. Local cuisine is distinguished by its diversity and cooking technology, table-laying and relevant rituals. It has always been complemented with fruit, viticulture and bee keeping products as well as local fish. There are almost 150 types of dishes registered in the region. The cuisine has numerous Asian influences. Dairy products are prevalent in the highlands. The most popular local dishes are: borano (cheese melted in butter), chirbuli (breakfast with eggs and walnut) and sinori (a dish with cottage curds and dough plates). Batumi is unimaginable without Ajariankhachapuri distinguished first of all by its shape. It resembles a boat while an egg yolk inside represents the sun. Varieties of local sweet pastry are also famous, especially baklava and shakarlama (sugar pastry).